As an Enamellist, I wanted to ply my art on copper tubing (aka plumbing pipe)

Then came the question of what to do with an enameled piece of tubing?

Answer: Kaleidoscopes !

(I think of them as vessels of sacred geometry symbolizing the Yin & Yang)

My scopes are embellished with precious metals and gems...

many of them are wearable...

Adult toys for the inner child!



 The nature of enameling lends itself to producing unique images. 

When subjected to the intense heat inside the kiln, the molten glass has a tendency to flow in unexpected ways....

controlled only by the experience of the enamellist. 

I regard the metal beneath the glass as my canvas and the enamel as my paint.

The mandala inside the shaft is comprised of tiny flame worked "stringers" of glass, 

bits of glass shards, dichroic glass and other interesting reflective pieces tumbling through the object chamber.

I purchase glass eye piece lenses which have a focal length specific to the length of the kaleidoscope. 

It's important to have an eye piece with the correct lens for a sharp image.

Two additional lenses are needed for the object chamber, and I cut these from frosted glass and either clear or dichroic glass.


I usually make 2-mirror systems for my scopes. 

That means there are 2 reflecting mirrors comprising the triangle inside the case, and the third plane of the triangle is flat black. 

This type of system causes the image to appear as a "star manadala" at the opposite end of the eye lens. 

The number of points in the star is dependent upon the pitch of the reflecting angle of the mirrors. 

I happen to like the pentacle.

I use special mirror called first surface mirror which is silvered on the surface of the glass instead of behind it. 

This causes the reflected image to be singular and sharply detailed.

To see some of my kaleidoscopes, click on the links below.

One of a Kind



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